Library for OpenAPI 3 with spring-boot

View project on GitHub F.A.Q Migration from springfox


Welcome to FAQ

How can I define multiple OpenAPI definitions in one Spring Boot project?

You can define your own groups of API based on the combination of: API paths and packages to scan. Each group should have a unique groupName. The OpenAPI description of this group, will be available by default on:

  • http://server:port/context-path/v3/api-docs/groupName

To enable the support of multiple OpenAPI definitions, a bean of type GroupedOpenApi needs to be defined.

For the following Group definition(based on package path), the OpenAPI description url will be : /v3/api-docs/stores

public GroupedOpenApi storeOpenApi() {
	String paths[] = {"/store/**"};
	return GroupedOpenApi.builder().setGroup("stores").pathsToMatch(paths)

For the following Group definition (based on package name), the OpenAPI description url will be: /v3/api-docs/users

public GroupedOpenApi userOpenApi() {
	String packagesToscan[] = {"test.org.springdoc.api.app68.api.user"};
	return GroupedOpenApi.builder().setGroup("users").packagesToScan(packagesToscan)

For the following Group definition(based on path), the OpenAPI description url will be: /v3/api-docs/pets

public GroupedOpenApi petOpenApi() {
	String paths[] = {"/pet/**"};
	return GroupedOpenApi.builder().setGroup("pets").pathsToMatch(paths)

For the following Group definition (based on package name and path), the OpenAPI description url will be: /v3/api-docs/groups

public GroupedOpenApi groupOpenApi() {
	String paths[] = {"/v1/**"};
	String packagesToscan[] = {"test.org.springdoc.api.app68.api.user", "test.org.springdoc.api.app68.api.store"};
	return GroupedOpenApi.builder().setGroup("groups").pathsToMatch(paths).packagesToScan(packagesToscan)

For more details about the usage, you can have a look at the following sample Test:

  • https://github.com/springdoc/springdoc-openapi/tree/master/springdoc-openapi-webmvc-core/src/test/java/test/org/springdoc/api/app68

How can I configure Swagger UI?

  • The support of the swagger official properties is available on springdoc-openapi. See Official documentation.

  • You can use the same swagger properties in the documentation as Spring Boot properties. NOTE: All these properties should be declared with the following prefix: springdoc.swagger-ui

How can I filter the resources documented in the output specification by the provided group?

  • You can use the standard swagger-ui property filter.

How can I disable/enable Swagger UI generation based on env variable?

  • This property helps you disable only the ui.

    How can I control the default expansion setting for the operations and tags, in the Swagger Ui ,

  • You can set this property in your application.yml like so for example:
    springdoc.swagger-ui.doc-expansion= none

How can I change the layout of the swagger-ui?

  • For layout options, you can use swagger-ui configuration options. For example:

How can I sort endpoints alphabetically?

  • You can use the following springdoc-openapi properties:
    #For sorting endpoints alphabetically
    #For sorting tags alphabetically

How can I disable the try it out button?

  • You have to set the following property:
    springdoc.swagger-ui.supportedSubmitMethods="get", "put", "post", "delete", "options", "head", "patch", "trace"

How can I add Reusable Enums ?

  • You should add @Schema(enumAsRef = true) on your enum.

How can I explicitly set which paths to filter?

  • You can set list of paths to include using the following property:
    springdoc.pathsToMatch=/v1, /api/balance/**

How can I explicitly set which packages to scan?

  • You can set list of packages to include using the following property:
    springdoc.packagesToScan=package1, package2

How can I ignore some field of model ?

  • You can use the following annotation on the top of the field that you want to hide:
    • @Schema(hidden = true)

How can I ignore @AuthenticationPrincipal parameter from spring-security ?

  • A solution workaround would be to use: @Parameter(hidden = true)
  • For a project that uses spring-security, you should add the following dependency, together with the springdoc-openapi-ui dependency:

Is there a gradle plugin available?

  • There is no springdoc-gradle-plugin planned for short term.

How can I hide a parameter from the documentation ?

  • You can use @Parameter(hidden = true)

Is @Parameters annotation supported ?

  • Yes

Does springdoc-openapi support Jersey?

Can springdoc-openapi generate API only for @RestController?

  • @RestController is equivalent to @Controller + @RequestMapping on the type level.
  • For some legacy apps, we are constrained to still support both.
  • If you need to hide the @Controller on the type level, in this case, you can use: @Hidden on controller level.
  • Please note this annotation can be also used to hide some methods from the generated documentation.

Are the following validation annotations supported : @NotEmpty @NotBlank @PositiveOrZero @NegativeOrZero?

  • Yes

How can I map Pageable (spring-date-commons) object to correct URL-Parameter in Swagger UI?

The projects that uses spring-data should add this dependency together with the springdoc-openapi-ui dependency:


If you use Pageable in a GET HTTP method, you will have to declare the explicit mapping of Pageable fields as Query Params and add the @Parameter(hidden = true) Pageable pageable on your pageable parameter. You should also, declare the annotation @PageableAsQueryParam provided by springdoc on the method level, or declare your own if need to define your custom description, defaultvalue, …

How can I generate enums in the generated description?

  • You could add a property allowableValues, to @Parameter. For example:
public Object example(@Parameter(name ="json", schema = @Schema(description = "var 1",type = "string", allowableValues = {"1", "2"}))
String json) {
   return null;
  • or you could override toString on your enum:
public String toString() {
	return String.valueOf(action);

Does it really support Spring Boot 2.2.x.RELEASE & Hateoas 1.0?

  • Yes

How can I deploy the Doploy springdoc-openapi-ui, behind a reverse proxy?

  • You need to make sure the following header is set in your reverse proxy configuration: X-Forwarded-Prefix
  • For example, using Apache 2, configuration:
    RequestHeader=set X-Forwarded-Prefix "/custom-path"
  • Then, in your Spring Boot application make sure your application handles this header: X-Forwarded-For. There are two ways to achieve this:
  • Since Spring Boot 2.2, there is a new property to handle reverse proxy headers:
  • Or you can add the following bean to your application:
    ForwardedHeaderFilter forwardedHeaderFilter() {
     return new ForwardedHeaderFilter();

Is @JsonView annotations in Spring MVC APIs supported?

  • Yes

Adding springdoc-openapi-ui dependency breaks my public/index.html welcome page

  • If you already have static content on your root, and you don’t want it to be overridden by springdoc-openapi-ui configuration, you can just define a custom configuration of the swagger-ui, in order not to override the configuration of your files from in your context-root:
  • For example use:
    springdoc.swagger-ui.path= /swagger-ui/api-docs.html

How can I test the Swagger UI?

How can I customise the OpenAPI object ?

public OpenAPICustomiser consumerTypeHeaderOpenAPICustomiser() {
return openApi -> openApi.getPaths().values().stream().flatMap(pathItem -> pathItem.readOperations().stream())
    .forEach(operation -> operation.addParametersItem(new HeaderParameter().$ref("#/components/parameters/myConsumerTypeHeader")));

How to include spring-boot-actuator endpoints to Swagger Ui?

  • In order to display spring-boot-actuator endpoints, you will need to add the following property:

How can I return an empty content as response?

  • It is be possible to handle as return an empty content as response using, one of the following syntaxes:
    • content = @Content
    • content = @Content(schema = @Schema(hidden = true))
  • For exmaple:
    @Operation(summary = "Get thing", responses = {
          @ApiResponse(description = "Successful Operation", responseCode = "200", content = @Content(mediaType = "application/json", schema = @Schema(implementation = String.class))),
          @ApiResponse(responseCode = "404", description = "Not found", content = @Content),
          @ApiResponse(responseCode = "401", description = "Authentication Failure", content = @Content(schema = @Schema(hidden = true))) })
    @RequestMapping(path = "/testme", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    ResponseEntity<String> testme() {
      return ResponseEntity.ok("Hello");

How are endpoints with multiple consuming media types supported?

  • An overloaded method on the same class, with the same HTTP Method and path, will have as a result, only one OpenAPI Operation generated.
  • In addition, it’s recommended to have the @Operation in the level of one of the overloaded methods. Otherwise it might be overridden if it’s declared many times within the same overloaded method.

How can I get yaml and json (OpenAPI) in compile time?

What are the ignored types in the documentation?

How do I add authorization header in requests?

  • You should add the @SecurityRequirement tags to your protected APIs.
  • For example:
    @Operation(security = { @SecurityRequirement(name = "bearer-key") })
  • And the security definition sample:
 public OpenAPI customOpenAPI() {
   return new OpenAPI()
          .components(new Components()
          new SecurityScheme().type(SecurityScheme.Type.HTTP).scheme("bearer").bearerFormat("JWT")));

Differentiation to Springfox project

  • OAS 3 was released in July 2017, and there was no release of springfox to support OAS 3. springfox covers for the moment only swagger 2 integration with Spring Boot. The lastest release date is june 2018. So, in terms of maintenance there is a big lack of support lately.

  • We decided to move forward and share the library that we already used on our internal projects, with the community.
  • The biggest difference with springfox, is that we integrate new features not covered by springfox:

    • The integration between Spring Boot and OpenAPI 3 standard.
    • We rely on on swagger-annotations and swagger-ui only official libraries.
    • We support new features on Spring 5, like spring-webflux with annotated controllers.
    • We do our best to answer all the questions and address all issues or enhancement requests

How do I migrate to OpenAPI 3 with springdoc-openapi

  • There is no relation between springdoc-openapi and springfox.If you want to migrate to OpenAPI 3:
    • Remove all the dependencies and the related code to springfox
    • Add springdoc-openapi-ui dependency
  • If you don’t want to serve the ui from your root path or there is a conflict with an existing configuration, you can just change the following property:

How can I set a global header?

  • You may have global parameters with Standard OpenAPI description.
  • If you need the defintions to appear globally (withing every group), no matter if the group fulfills the conditions specified on the GroupedOpenApi , you can use OpenAPI Bean.
  • You can define common parameters under parameters in the global components section and reference them elsewhere via $ref. You can also define global header parameters.
  • For this, you can override to OpenAPI Bean, and set the global headers or parameters definition on the components level.
    public OpenAPI customOpenAPI(@Value("${springdoc.version}") String appVersion) {
     return new OpenAPI()
          .components(new Components().addSecuritySchemes("basicScheme", new SecurityScheme().type(SecurityScheme.Type.HTTP).scheme("basic"))
          .addParameters("myHeader1", new Parameter().in("header").schema(new StringSchema()).name("myHeader1")).addHeaders("myHeader2", new Header().description("myHeader2 header").schema(new StringSchema())))
          .info(new Info()
          .title("Petstore API")
          .description("This is a sample server Petstore server. You can find out more about Swagger at [http://swagger.io](http://swagger.io) or on [irc.freenode.net, #swagger](http://swagger.io/irc/). For this sample, you can use the api key `special-key` to test the authorization filters.")
          .license(new License().name("Apache 2.0").url("http://springdoc.org")));

    Are Callbacks supported?

  • Yes

How can I define SecurityScheme ?

  • You can use: @SecurityScheme annotation.
  • Or you can define it programmatically, by overriding OpenAPI Bean:
     public OpenAPI customOpenAPI(@Value("${springdoc.version}") String appVersion) {
    return new OpenAPI()
      .components(new Components().addSecuritySchemes("basicScheme",
      new SecurityScheme().type(SecurityScheme.Type.HTTP).scheme("basic")))
      info(new Info().title("SpringShop API").version(appVersion)
      .license(new License().name("Apache 2.0").url("http://springdoc.org")));

How can I hide an operation or a controller from documentation ?

  • You can use @io.swagger.v3.oas.annotations.Hidden annotation at @RestController, @RestControllerAdvice and method level
  • The @Hidden annotation on exception handler methods, is considered when building generic (error) responses from @ControllerAdvice exception handlers.
  • Or use: @Operation(hidden = true)

How to configure global security schemes?

  • For global SecurityScheme, you can add it inside your own OpenAPI definition:
    public OpenAPI customOpenAPI() {
      return new OpenAPI().components(new Components()
      .addSecuritySchemes("basicScheme", new SecurityScheme()
      .type(SecurityScheme.Type.HTTP).scheme("basic"))).info(new Info().title("Custom API")
      .version("100")).addTagsItem(new Tag().name("mytag"));

    Can i use spring property with swagger annotations?

  • The support of spring property resolver is possible on all @Info properties
  • The support of spring property for description field in swagger-annotations is available on @Operation level
  • Its also possible to declare security urls: (openIdConnectUrl - authorizationUrl - refreshUrl - tokenUrl)

How can i disable springdoc-openapi cache?

  • By default, the OpenAPI description is calculated once, and then cached.
  • Sometimes the same swagger-ui is served behind internal and external proxies. some users want the server url, to be computed on each http request.
  • In order to disable springdoc cache, you will have to set the following property:
    springdoc.cache.disabled= true

How is server url generated ?

  • Generating automatically server url may be useful, if the documentation is not present.
  • If the server annotations are present, they will be used instead.

How can I expose the api-docs endpoints without using the swagger-ui?

  • You should use the springdoc-openapi-core dependency only:

How can I disable springdoc-openapi endpoints ?

  • Use the following property:

How can I hide Schema of the the response ?

  • To hide the response element, using @Schema annotation, as follows, at operation level:
    @Operation(responses = @ApiResponse(responseCode = "200", content = @Content(schema = @Schema(hidden = true))))
  • Or directly at @ApiResponses level:
    @ApiResponses(value = {@ApiResponse(responseCode = "200", content = @Content(schema = @Schema(hidden = true))) })
    @ApiResponse(responseCode = "404", description = "Not found", content = @Content)

What is the url of the swagger-ui, when I set a different context-path?

  • If you use different context-path:
    server.servlet.context-path= /foo
  • The swagger-ui will be available on the following url:
    • http://server:port/foo/swagger-ui.html

Can I customize OpenAPI object programmatically?

  • You can Define your own OpenAPI Bean: If you need the defintions to appear globally (withing every group), no matter if the group fulfills the conditions specified on the GroupedOpenApi , you can use OpenAPI Bean.
public OpenAPI customOpenAPI(@Value("${springdoc.version}") String appVersion) {
	return new OpenAPI()
    .components(new Components().addSecuritySchemes("basicScheme",
            new SecurityScheme().type(SecurityScheme.Type.HTTP).scheme("basic")))
    .info(new Info().title("SpringShop API").version(appVersion)
            .license(new License().name("Apache 2.0").url("http://springdoc.org")));
  • If you need the defintions to appear withing a specific group, and respect the conditions specified on the GroupedOpenApi, you can add OpenApiCustomiser to your GroupedOpenApi definition.

public OpenApiCustomiser customerGlobalHeaderOpenApiCustomiser() {
	return openApi -> openApi.path("/foo",
	new PathItem().get(new Operation().operationId("foo").responses(new ApiResponses()
	.addApiResponse("default",new ApiResponse().description("")
	.content(new Content().addMediaType("fatz", new MediaType()))))));

Where can I find the source code of the demo applications?

Does this library supports annotations from interfaces?

  • Yes

What is the list of the excluded parameter types?

Is file upload supported ?

  • The library supports the main file types: MultipartFile, @RequestPart, FilePart

Can I use @Parameter inside @Operation annotation?

  • Yes, it’s supported

Why my parameter is marked as required?

  • Any @GetMapping parameters is marked as required, even if @RequestParam is missing.
  • You can add @Parameter(required=false) annotation if you need different behaviour.
  • Query parameters with defaultValue specified are marked as required.

How are overloaded methods with the same endpoints, but with different parameters

  • springdoc renders these methods as a single endpoint. It detects the overloaded endpoints, and generates parameters.schema.oneOf.

What is a proper way to set up Swagger UI to use provided spec.yml?

  • With this property, all the springdoc-openapi auto configuration beans are disabled:
  • Then enable the minimal beans configuration, by adding this Bean:
    SpringDocConfiguration springDocConfiguration(){
      return new SpringDocConfiguration();
  • Then configure, the path of your custom UI yaml file.